Wednesday, November 29, 2006

For Friday, two things:
(1) Simmons and Kant (articles handed out in class, also available here in WORD and HTML; also in my box in the philosophy department in Sale Hall).
(2) This booklet, produced by this organization called Vegan Outreach.

See these pages too:

The National Chicken Council

United Egg Producers

American Egg Board

National Cattleman's Beef Association:

National Pork Producers Council:


For Monday, we'll briefly discuss Kant's ethical theory. Here's a handout on that. And we will discuss abortion Monday and Wed. BE ON TIME.

Readings for Monday (on Kant's ethical theory and abortion): I'll post very soon.

We will use these handouts: (FELDMAN PAGE ON ABORTION) and (ABORTION WORKSHEET), but I will give copies of them to you.

Tuesday, November 28, 2006

Last day of classes: Wednesday, December 6th
Reading period: Thursday, December 7th & Friday, December 8th
Final Exam times, i.e., last (2nd) test time:

For 11 AM class: Monday, Dec. 11, 1-3 PM
For 12 PM class: Wednesday, Dec. 13, 1-3 PM
For 1 PM class: Monday, Dec. 11, 8-10 AM

Monday, November 27, 2006

For Wed. the Singer article "All Animals Are Equal" in RTD. There will be a quiz on this.

Today I handed out this handout.

The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience,
but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.

- Martin Luther King Jr.


Monday, November 20, 2006

Happy Holiday

$209.13 raised so far for people living in absolute poverty! You will still have the opportunity to get involved and help out after the break. And there will still be posters available.

Short writing assignment based on today's film: is the fur industry morally acceptable or not? Why or why not? Defend your view. See below for links to some films made by the fur industry.

Readings after break: Singer ("All Animals Are Equal") and Machan ("Do Animals Have Rights?) articles on animals from RTD.

Sunday, November 19, 2006

A spring class for your consideration:

Philosophy 410 : Philosophy of Religion

Examination of philosophical questions in religion and religious belief.

MWF 9-9:50, Spring 2007
Instructor: Dr. Nathan Nobis,,


1. Readings in the Philosophy of Religion, edited by Kelly James Clark (cheaper at Amazon)

2. A Thinker's Guide to the Philosophy of Religion
by Allen Stairs, Christopher Bernard (cheaper at Amazon)

Friday, November 17, 2006

Monday before Thanksgiving

Monday your papers are due. NO LATE PAPERS. NONE.

Monday, in honor of Thanksgiving, you'll have the opportunity to -- with your peers -- help out some people living in absolute poverty. And you'll get a poster in the process! (I'll soon have the correct file for this available).

Monday we'll watch the film "The Witness." See below for a preview. Check back for a (brief?) writing assignment related to that, probably.

Thursday, November 16, 2006

We will soon watch some films about animals. Here's the first, which is short:

The Future is in Your Hands

On my PC computer at home I can only get it to play on Quicktime:

Choose Preferences:

Windows Media
Real Player
QuickTime (Mac users)
Slow (56k)
Fast (150k)

Click here to download

The second film will be one called "The Witness"; there's an online preview here:

We might watch a Montel Williams show episode about this film too.

Animal use industries generally do not produce films showing the details of their practices: for an interesting exceptions, however, see “Veal Farm Tour” at and the Fur Commission’s “Excellence Through Humane Care,” “What Can I Say?” and “Chow Time” at

Monday, November 13, 2006

An excellent extra credit opportunity. This would really be worth it!

Sister Helen PrejeanKeynote Address: Sister Helen Prejean
November 16 at 7:30 p.m.
(Doors open at 6:30 p.m. with information fair in the lobby)
Conant Performing Arts Center
Sister Helen Prejean, a 1999 nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize, is a Roman Catholic nun, educator and anti-death penalty activist and author. Her book Dead Man Walking: An Eyewitness Account of the Death Penalty in the United States was nominated for a 1993 Pulitzer Prize and made into an acclaimed movie with Susan Sarandon. Fifteen years since beginning her crusade, the Roman Catholic sister has witnessed five executions in Louisiana. As the founder of Survive, a victim's advocacy group in New Orleans, she continues to counsel not only inmates on death row, but also families of murder victims. Her most recent book is The Death of Innocence: An Eyewitness Account of Wrongful Executions.
Welcome by Betsy Hansen, President of Oglethorpe Women’s Network; Introduction by Bev Hoffman, community activist. With audience Q&A and a book signing.
General admission tickets available at the door: $7, $5 for students and seniors, free with Oglethorpe ID. Sponsored by OWN.

Talk with Youth
By Sister Helen Prejean
November 17, 10:00 – 11:30 a.m.
Sponsored by OWN
Conant Performing Arts Center
In a very special session, Sister Helen Prejean will speak to invited high school groups. Sister Helen received a bachelor’s in English and education from St. Mary's Dominican College and a master’s in religious education from St. Paul's University in Ottawa, Canada. She has been the religious education director at St. Frances Cabrini Parish in New Orleans, the formation director for her religious community and a junior and senior high school teacher. As a part of her on-going work in education, she initiated a high school Dead Man Walking School Theatre Play Project.
Open to registered conference attendees unable to attend the November 16 talk.

Register for Conference Today

CLE Program for Lawyers
PLU Program for Teachers
Other Community Members

Conference: Dialogue on the Death Penalty
November 17
Registration: $25 for outside guests, $15 for seniors and students, free with current OU ID. Includes wine and cheese reception and performance of The Exonerated. Individual tickets to The Exonerated are available for $5 at the door.

Welcome and Introduction:
William Shropshire, Provost of Oglethorpe University
1:00 – 1:10 p.m.
Lupton Auditorium

Plenary Session: Historical and Legal Perspectives on the Death Penalty
1:10 – 2:00 p.m.
Lupton Auditorium
Participants: John D. Orme, Professor of Politics; Brad Stone, Professor of Sociology; and Jonathan MacFarlane, Visiting Professor of Politics
Respected Oglethorpe University professors offer cogent background information on the death penalty issue and a neutral survey of the pro-and-con arguments for capitol punishment in the United States.

Concurrent Panels
Panel One: Moratorium in Georgia?
2:10 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Lupton Auditorium, Lupton Hall
Participants: Jack Martin, criminal defense attorney; Danny Craig, District Attorney for Columbia County
Two prominent attorneys debate the issues surrounding the American Bar Association proposed moratorium on executions in the State of Georgia.
Facilitated by Aimee Maxwell, Director of Georgia Innocence Project

Panel Two: Round Table on Arts and Activism
Participants: Hector Aristiz√°bal, cofounder of the Colombia Peace Project; Mike Farrell, President of Death Penalty Focus; Del Hamilton, Artistic Director 7 Stages; and Rachel May, Co-Producing Artistic Director, Synchronicity Performance Group.
2:10 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Greenwald Room, Emerson Student Center
Celebrated international and local artists and activists talk about their personal involvement in human rights issues and the uses of art in social change.
Facilitated by Deborah Merola, Associate Professor and Director of Theatre

Panel Three: Seeking Justice
Panelists: Laura Moye, Deputy Director of the Southern Regional Office, Amnesty International; William Montross, Jr., attorney, Southern Center for Human Rights; a former jury member; a former death row inmate.
3:10 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Talmage Room, Emerson Student Center
Engaged panelists explore the international, regional and personal implications of seeking justice including the perspectives of the convicted and a citizen charged with carrying out the law of the State of Georgia.
Facilitated by Elizabeth Johnson, Associate Professor of Psychology

Panel Four: Youth Activism
Panelists: Shareef Cousin, young exoneree, and Hooman Hedayati, founder Texas Students Against the Death Penalty
3:10 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Greenwald Room, Emerson Student Center
Student activists engaged in death penalty work, including a Morehouse student on death row at age 16 and an Iranian immigrant at the University of Texas at Austin, reach out to their peers about young people making a difference.
Facilitated by Yvonne Druyeh, President of Student Progressive Action Network (SPANK)

Wine and Cheese Reception
4:00 – 4:30 p.m.
Lupton Auditorium
Conference attendees are warmly invited for refreshments before the staged reading of The Exonerated, with a chance to greet panelists and other participants.
Sponsored by Oglethorpe’s Division of Education and Department of Theatre.

Friday, November 10, 2006

For Monday, we will continue talking about utilitarianism. Some of the remaining objections to consider are from the article "Utilitarianism and Integrity," by Bernard Williams, in RTD, Ch. 16.

We will be moving on to euthanasia. Please read RTD Ch. 17 & 18. And re-read the sections on euthanasia from EMP's chapters on utilitiarianism.

Tuesday, November 07, 2006

Update from Burkina Faso

Adam M. Roberts


Please find below a brief report from our project in Burkina Faso. Check The $10 Club web site for additional photos!

November project report will be out in a week…have you sent in your contribution?

Thanks as ever,


Report on the Community Pharmaceutical Project, September 2006

Update from Napone, Burkina Faso

With the donation of $3,280 from the Ten dollar club, our nonprofit organization OuagaNet was able to setup a community pharmacy to help the poor people of Napone, Burkina Faso. Our health program also benefited from being able to purchase subsidized drugs and insecticide treated mosquito bed nets thanks to the Government of Burkina Faso’s new healthcare policies aiming to make drugs more accessible to people.

With the recommendations of our community nurse volunteers, we selected indigent pregnant women and those with babies and younger children to be priority beneficiaries of the insecticide treated mosquito bed net to protect them against malaria.

OuagaNet also purchased electronic blood pressure devices to take the population’s blood pressure. Those with abnormal measurements where sent for further evaluations and suggested to return to the community pharmacy to receive free high blood pressure drugs.

In setting this free community pharmacy for the village poor people, OuagaNet was able to educate villagers about STDs and AIDS and the need to be aware of high blood pressure disease. Villagers were also educated about the danger of alcoholism and its impact on blood pressure, liver diseases and many other health issues. The entire village was mobilized and came out to hear about the community pharmacy and the available drugs.

OuagaNet’s community pharmacy list of items:

1. Insecticide treated bed nets against malaria and mosquito bites

Three hundred (300) insecticide treated bed nets against mosquito causing the malaria disease were distributed in priority to the following people:

* All pregnant women
* Women with babies and younger children
* Elderly in advanced aged

2. List of drugs purchased for the pharmacy

List of Medicine


Amodiaquine 40 mg/5ml 60 ml Sir


Amodiaquine chlorhydrate 200 mg Blister


Amoxicilline 250 mg 60 ml Sirop


Amoxicilline 500 mg Blister


Bacitracine+Neomycine pommade


Bandage (Bande extensible)


Buscopan 10 mg tablets


Carbocysteine 2% 100 ml sirop


Carbocysteine 5% 100 ml sirop


Compresse 40x40


Coton Hydrophile 500g


Cotrimoxazole 240mg/5ml 60ml Sirop


Cotrimoxazole 480 mg Blister


Diclofenac Blister 50 mg


Furosemide Blister 40 mg (High blood pressure)


Hydroxyde Aluminium 500 mg Blister


Ibuprofene 200 mg tablets


Ibuprofene Blister 400 mg


Mebendazole blister 100 mg


Metronidazole 125 mg


Metronidazole 250 mg


Multivitamin blister


Paracetamol 120 mg/5ml 60 ml sirop


Paracetamol 500 mg Blister


Polividone Iodee 10% 200 ml


Quinine 300 mg


Sparadrap 5m x 18 cm


Tetracycline 1% Ophtalmique


Vitamine B1 B6 Blister



Adam M. Roberts


The $10 Club

2040 Tunlaw Rd., NW

Washington, DC 20007

Phone: (202) 337-3123

Mobile: (202) 445-3572



Saving the World, Ten Dollars at a Time

Searching on the internet? Use and raise money for The Ten Dollar Club!

Monday, November 06, 2006

For Wed., the chapters on utilitarianism from EMP: Ch. 7 & 8
There are a few pages on utilitarianism that you read a long time ago: RTD, pp. 11-14.
There might be a reading quiz so be prepared!

There are some neat examples in Bernard William's "Utilitarianism and Integrity" in RTD, Ch. 16 that we will discuss later.

3-5 pages, typed, double spaced, 12 pt. font
Name, email, class time
Come prepared to make a difference! See

Your papers should have these sections:

1. Introduction
An introduction, culminating in a thesis, e.g., “I will argue that ______.” Your introduction should introduce the issue or topic to the reader. Assume your reader does not know anything about the topic or the article. You need to explain things so they will understand: see things from their point of view and write accordingly!

2. Singer’s Argument
A section where you carefully and fully explain Singer’s argument, i.e., his conclusion [what exactly is his conclusion? What conclusion have we been considering, for purposes of discussion?] and the reasoning he gives for his conclusion. He gives the examples of Dora and Bob: explain what role these examples play in his argument.

3. Objections
Carefully explain at least three of what you think are the best objections to Singer’s argument.

4. Evaluation of these objections and Singer’s argument
Explain whether any of the objections are sound arguments against his argument. Explain whether Singer’s argument is sound, and why, and whether it is not sound. That is, is Singer right, or are the objectors? DEFEND YOUR VIEW WITH REASONS.

5. Conclusion

Explain things in your own words: do not take exact words from the book or any handouts.
NO PLAGIARISM. Think for yourself!

Dear Yahoo!:
How many people in the world live in extreme poverty?
According to NetAid, over a billion people, or roughly one in six, live in extreme poverty. Extreme poverty is defined as living on less than US$1 a day.
The World Bank goes on to define moderate poverty as basic subsistence living, on $1 to $2 a day. All told, nearly half the world's population lives in poverty -- that's 2.8 billion people living on less than two dollars a day.
Some other facts to keep in mind:
• Each year over 8 million people die because they are simply too poor to stay alive.
• More than 800 million people go hungry every day.
• The gross domestic product of the poorest 48 nations is less than the wealth of the world's three richest people.
• Thirty-thousand children die every day due to hunger and treatable illnesses.
• 6 million children die every year before their fifth birthday, as a result of malnutrition.
You can find detailed poverty assessments of specific geographical regions on the World Bank's PovertyNet. And if you're interested in learning how the World Bank comes up with its poverty statistics, take a look at PovcalNet.
The goal of the Millennium Campaign is to reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day by 2015. And the aim of the One Campaign is to direct an additional 1 percent of the United States budget towards eradicating global poverty.

Thursday, November 02, 2006

Dad sentenced to 10 years for circumcising daughter

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
Published on: 11/02/06

It may have been the quiet testimony of his young daughter that brought down convicted mutilator Khalid Adem.

Or maybe it was testimony from defense witnesses whose credibility was easily attacked. Or it could have been in the little lies that a prosecutor found in Adem's own testimony that led to his downfall.
Khalid Adem, 31, who was born in Ethiopia, reacts to the verdict in Gwinnett County.

• Facts on female genital mutilation

Whatever the reason, after seven days of testimony a jury took only three hours on Wednesday to find Adem guilty of aggravated battery and cruelty to children. The verdict ended the rare trial that was being followed nationally, a landmark case for activists fighting against female genital mutilation.

Though Adem defiantly denied the act, he will serve 10 years in prison and five years' probation for using scissors to circumcise his then-2-year-old daughter in 2001.

Superior Court Judge Richard Winegarden, who presided over the case, questioned the strategy used to defend Adem.

Hill had said that the victim's mother and grandmother did the mutilation and then blamed Adem because the couple was going through a bitter custody battle.

Before sentencing Adem, Winegarden said he didn't understand Adem's allegations against his ex-wife.

"Why would a mother do such a horrible thing to her own daughter just to get back at the defendant?" Winegarden asked. "It just doesn't make sense."

Assistant District Attorney Marty First called many witnesses who said Adem mutilated his young daughter. Adem's daughter testified that her father cut her.

Adem was born in Ethiopia, where circumcision is sometimes performed on young girls. The African practice has been denounced for decades by health and human rights activists. In some areas of Africa, it is considered a coming-of-age ritual.

The young girl's mother, Fortunate Adem, said that Adem did the mutilation in October 2001 and had hinted that he wanted to do it before that time. The mother said Adem took five days off work and solely took care of the girl during the time she believed the mutilation occurred.

The mother also said she didn't report the circumcision until 2003 because she didn't know it had occurred until then. The young girl's grandmother and therapist testified that the girl had continuous nightmares where she screamed "No. Daddy. No."

Adem's defense may have been doomed by the first witness that his attorney called. Hill called a manager at the Gwinnett County gas station where Adem worked at the time of the mutilation. Hill told the jury that he was going to use the manager to prove that Adem never took five days off work in a row and could not have hid the mutilation from his wife.

But when the manager got on the stand he said he didn't know if Adem had taken the days off or not. Hill then showed the manager what he said were time sheets that proved Adem was at work. But the manager said the time sheets the attorney showed him weren't the ones that he used and he had no idea where the attorney had gotten those time sheets.

First also attacked defense witness Jack Farrar, a child psychologist from Jonesboro. Farrar testified that it was very difficult for a 7-year-old to remember what happened when she was 2. Farrar also said that it appeared the young victim had been coached to blame her father.

But First told the jury that Farrar had been suspended from testifying in trials by a board that regulates psychologists. Farrar had been suspended because he had given questionable testimony in at least two other trials, First said.

Farrar admitted that he had been suspended but said he was appealing the suspension. Despite the verdict, Adem still professed his innocence before he was led from the courtroom in handcuffs.Hill, the defense attorney, said he plans to challenge the verdict.

"My client maintains that he is innocent. And I believe him."

Winegarden said the sentence was appropriate. Adem could have faced up to 40 years in prison.

"I think 40 years is too harsh," Winegarden told courtroom spectators.

"People who kill people are out in a lot less than 40 years. But this is an awful crime. And it was done on his own daughter. Ten years is not lenient. If you think 10 years in prison is lenient then ask Khalid Adem. I bet he wouldn't say it is lenient."
As soon as I am able, I am going to require that all papers be processed through